– In 1961 Day delegated Mrs. Nancy C. Avery as acting postmaster of the Pacoima, California, Post Office – apparently the primary African American to head a top of the line Post Office since the Reconstruction era.[73] Avery was delegated to the position for all time in 1963 and served until her retirement in 1984.

– In 1962 Charles A. Preston, a postal representative and college alumni from Fort Wayne, Indiana, was selected as a postal examiner in the Inspection Service’s Philadelphia Division. Preston was the principal African American selected as a postal monitor since the 1800s.

In 1962 lockers and swing rooms in the Atlanta, Georgia, Post Office were integrated, and two recently isolated Post Office stations were incorporated. That equivalent year, the Post Office Department made the irregular stride of stripping Atlanta’s postmaster of his capacity to advance representatives after it was discovered that he victimized African Americans. Postmasters in a few different urban communities, including Los Angeles, incidentally lost their advancing specialist at around a similar time, for a similar reason.

In December 1962 Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson commended the Post Office Department’s treatment of occupation separation grumblings, taking note of that “not very many organizations have a record that coordinates the Post Office” and that the Department surpassed the legislature wide normal for making remedial move on segregation protestations by 15 percent.[74] One hundred and twenty-nine postal representatives across the nation, from agents and bearers to local authorities, were prepared to lead examinations and hold hearings in light of dissensions of separation, notwithstanding their standard obligations.

There were numerous difficulties to be met. As late as 1961 the Mail Equipment Shops, close Post Office Department base camp, kept up isolated representative lockers and exclusionary advancement rehearses. In January 1961 a dissension of racial separation in the Mail Equipment Shops by the NAACP started an examination by the Postal Inspection Service. Amid the examination, the Shops’ supervisor, Lloyd Sydnor, clarified that activity candidates were assessed “without thought to race,” yet that African Americans “only from time to time document applications for higher appraised positions which they themselves remember they are not fit for filling.”[75] most of the Shops’ representatives were African-American, and they were excessively stuck in lower-level positions (see the table “Mail Equipment Shops: Employees by Race and Job Level, April 1, 1961,” beneath).


1960s: Advancement

I’d state we are very brave up to be done and ought to do it. Postmaster General J. Edward Day, 1961[71]

In spite of the fact that in 1960 the Post Office Department was the biggest single business of African Americans in the nation, most African-American representatives drudged in lower-level positions with little seek after headway.

In 1961 recently chosen President John F. Kennedy and J. Edward Day, Kennedy’s decision for Postmaster General, set out on a driven program to make meet open door in the working environment. On March 6, 1961, Kennedy issued Executive Order 10925, setting up the President’s Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity, expressing that:

It is the plain and constructive commitment of the United States Government to advance and guarantee measure up to open door for every qualified individual, without respect to race,

also, recognizing that the legislature had regularly neglected to do this in the past.[72] That equivalent month Deputy Postmaster General William Brawley, meeting with the executives of the 15 postal districts, refered to the underrepresentation of African Americans in the supervisory positions as proof of past segregation.

That mid year the Department chosen 15 Special Assistants for Employee Relations, one for each provincial office, to guarantee full-time consideration regarding social equality and worker administration relations. It distributed a “no separation approach” in the May 25, 1961, issue of the Postal Bulletin and issued another “Code of Ethics for Postal Employees” on August 10, 1961. On December 12, 1961, Equal Employment Opportunity notices were issued for presentation in all Post Offices, and on January 12, 1962, notices were put on all notice sheets plotting how to record grumblings of segregation.

Then, a few African Americans were named to prominent positions:

– In 1961 Christopher C. Scott, a 38-year postal veteran from Los Angeles, was delegated as a representative to the Assistant Postmaster General for Transportation, making him the most noteworthy positioning African American in the Post Office Department to that date, with a yearly pay of $18,500.

– In 1961 Day named Henry McGee as territorial work force chief for the Chicago Region, the most noteworthy position at any point held by an African American in the Postal Field Service.